From 1857 to 1947, India was under the rule of Britishers. During that time the country witnessed several changes in the areas of economy, policies, and several other spheres of life. This period was seen to be the toughest time in the history of India. This country got affected in several ways during the rule of Britishers. There was a mix of positive and negative impact of Britisher’s rule on the colony as well as the country.
Positive impact of Britishers rule in India
Britishers rule had resulted in one good thing that it gave rise to several job opportunities for the Indian citizens. There were several options available to join the military, drivers, daily laborers, and servants for Britishers. In this way, British rule provided several job avenues for the Indian people. There were many options for joining the military, as daily laborers, drivers, servants for Britishers and later the Indian civil services to earn the living during British rule.
In addition to job opportunities, Britishers have significantly contributed towards performing work in hospitals, schools, building roads and infrastructural projects throughout the country. Travelling became a lot easier for people. Though, most of them were for the selfish interests, it helped a lot in making life quite easier for Indians.
There was also seen a jump in the field of agriculture, via large-scale irrigation works. Industrialization also began during their rule. Due to which no famine occurred in British colonies in India. The English people developed several institutions and also setup a productive government.
They have even outlined wise regulations and established judicial courts. Along with these additions, Britain even associated India to the contemporary world via modern thought and modern science.
Introduced new avenues and ideas
Though, Britishers have vested interest in these avenues but the development undertaken by them improved the life of people in India. Avenues such as Indian railways got introduced to ship raw materials to different countries. Also, it abolished outdated and cruel customs like sati but also introduced Indian postage system.
Unlike several rulers in India who made laws like arbitrary land tax etc. to enhance their revenues, Britishers maintained the uniforms taxes throughout their stay in India. This greatly helped in stabilizing the economy.
As India, has been the essential part of the entire British economy, this country offered a safety against traditional enemies such as Persia, Afghanistan, and various other western nations who wished to colonize the nation. British rule also safeguarded country from its enemies.
This is one more advantage of British rule in India. British imperialism provided a grand opportunity to affluent public in India to avail opportunities to pursue higher studies. There were only a few Indians, who used this wonderful opportunity to study in Britain that included Mahatma Gandhi.
Freedom from arbitrary rules:
Britishers are very much known for their strict rules and discipline that made clear that the rules are enforced and obeyed uniformly by every single person. This was a lot better than Indian rulers who used their strength and power to work as they liked without any uniformity.
Negative impact of British rule in India
Disruption of harmony:
Britishers followed ‘divide and conquer policy that led to fight among the Indians. They used this strategy for their own self-interest. As Indians fought against each other, they used the lucrative chance to conquer areas to expand their political influence. Britishers fired Indian rulers and it created disharmony between the Indian public and lead to quarrels.
India was a secular country before the invasion of British rule. Britishers began the abhorrence of communism in the country between the Muslims and Hindus of India. This later resulted in the division of the nation into Pakistan and India. This led to communal riots, death, fire and havoc in the entire nation.
India under the rule of British struggled due to high rules of taxation. That resulted in problems for artisans and craftsmen. This also led to the declination in the state of Indian handicrafts sector that was very popular before the invasion of Britishers in India.
No economic growth:
India was the country that made zero progress on economic front at the time of rule of Britishers between 1857 to 1947. There was seen no growth opportunities by that time. The negative effects overweigh the positive ones that shows that British rule in India made Indian people only miserable, powerless and slaves of their rule.