Positive And Negative Effects Of British Rule In India

From 1857 to 1947, India was under the rule of Britain. During that time the country witnessed changes in economics, politics, and many other spheres of life. This period was seen to be the toughest time in the history of India.

Though the impact was mostly negative, there were some positives to British rule in India.

Positive And Negative Effects Of British Rule In India

Positive Impact of British Rule In India

Job opportunities
Brtish result did result in additional job opportunities for Indian citizens. Thousands of jobs opened up in the British empire as soldiers, drivers, and day laborers. Of course, one could argue these weren’t great jobs, but it did offer an avenue away from rural poverty.

Infrastructure development:
In addition to job opportunities, Britain built infrastructure across India. They completed hospitals, schools, railroads, roads, and other projects across India. Traveling became easier, and quality of life improved in some ways. Once again, it is important that British intentions were selfish. These projects were not completed to improve the life of Indians.

In addition to job opportunities, Britain built infrastructure across India. They completed hospitals, schools, railroads, roads, and other projects across India. Traveling became easier, and quality of life improved in some ways. Once again, it is important that British intentions were selfish. These projects were not completed to improve the life of Indians.

Agricultural developed due to large-scale irrigation projects. Industrialization also began, providing millions of jobs. These provided the framework for India to become one of the world’s largest economies today.

Introduced new avenues and ideas
Though, Britishers have vested interest in these avenues but the development undertaken by them improved the life of people in India. Avenues such as Indian railways got introduced to ship raw materials to different countries. Also, it abolished outdated and cruel customs like sati but also introduced Indian postage system.

Stable economy:
Unlike several rulers in India who made laws like arbitrary land tax etc. to enhance their revenues, Britishers maintained the uniforms taxes throughout their stay in India. This greatly helped in stabilizing the economy.

Safety:
As India, has been the essential part of the entire British economy, this country offered a safety against traditional enemies such as Persia, Afghanistan, and various other western nations who wished to colonize the nation. British rule also safeguarded country from its enemies.

External opportunity
This is one more advantage of British rule in India. British imperialism provided a grand opportunity to affluent public in India to avail opportunities to pursue higher studies. There were only a few Indians, who used this wonderful opportunity to study in Britain that included Mahatma Gandhi.

Freedom from arbitrary rules:
The British are very much known for their strict rules and discipline that made clear that the rules are enforced and obeyed uniformly by every single person. This was a lot better than Indian rulers who used their strength and power to work as they liked without any uniformity.

Negative impact of British rule in India

Disruption of harmony:
Britishers followed ‘divide and conquer policy that led to fight among the Indians. They used this strategy for their own self-interest. As Indians fought against each other, they used the lucrative chance to conquer areas to expand their political influence. Britishers fired Indian rulers and it created disharmony between the Indian public and lead to quarrels.

Religious differences:
India was a secular country before the invasion of British rule. Britishers began the abhorrence of communism in the country between the Muslims and Hindus of India. This later resulted in the division of the nation into Pakistan and India. This led to communal riots, death, fire and havoc in the entire nation.

High taxation: 
India under the rule of British struggled due to high rules of taxation. That resulted in problems for artisans and craftsmen. This also led to the declination in the state of Indian handicrafts sector that was very popular before the invasion of Britishers in India.

No economic growth:
India was the country that made zero progress on economic front at the time of rule of Britishers between 1857 to 1947.  There was seen no growth opportunities by that time. The negative effects overweigh the positive ones that shows that British rule in India made Indian people only miserable, powerless and slaves of their rule.

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Travis King

Travis King is an experienced writer and our editor-in-chief.PNI's goal is to publish high-quality, educational content covering everything from history to current events.
Travis King

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