Positive and negative impact of K to 12

Most countries have instituted a form of K to 12 educational system wherein young children are mandatorily required to undergo schooling for ten years along with two years in Kindergarten covering primary, middle and high school. While the curriculum may differ widely, it has been widely accepted that the K to 12 educational format happens to be the most effective when it comes to educating young children and preparing them to compete effectively with others for college seats and a dream career of their choice. Since this educational format impacts our kids lives directly, perhaps it is time that we took a closer look at the same.

Positive impact of K to 12:

  • Strengthening education: One of the reasons that most of the nations migrated to the k to 12 formats is so that their students get better exposure and in the process acquire more knowledge, thereby making them all the more competitive. While earlier on it was k plus 10 years, the addition of two years has made it possible for students to receive a quality education that is on par with those received by students from developed nations – thereby making it possible for these students to compete with others on an even playing field.
  • Cognitive development: While the debate is still open the fact remains that a formal educational environment can have a positive role to play in the cognitive development and this continues until the kid becomes an adult. In other words, exposing children to a formal system of education even with the addition of two extra years as with the ‘ K to 12’format only serves to enhance their cognitive development and lead them to develop new skill sets which can enable them to compete better with others.
  • Social skills: As students spend an extra two years in school picking up more knowledge and information, they are also often forced to interact with others. This can have a beneficial effect as it helps them to hone their social skills to perfection.

Negative impact of K to 12:

  • Cost: Good education is expensive and that’s the understatement of the year; so when you are asked to pay for two more years of schooling for your kid, you can imagine the bill that you would have to foot. One of the cons or negative points is that most of these countries which implemented the ‘k to 12’ system did so suddenly and in the process, forcing parents to pay exorbitant fees for the additional two years of education.
  • Stress: This is debatable, but the fact of the matter is that education comes with its own negative baggage and one of it happens to be high stress. So exposing your child to two more years in school means exposing them to high stress for the duration. It is important that you consult your healthcare worker as a way to find out how to relive the stress naturally; one method would be to get your kid involved in various physical activities.
  • Preparation: While the additional two years to provide these students with various advantages, there seems to be little or no focus on careers or what they should opt for. It should be pointed out that from a curriculum point of view; most of these can be crammed into the ten years rather than add on two more years. But now with the addition of two more years, the focus seems to be more on standardized tests rather than on developing key skills which can help them in their respective careers.

These are some of the positive and negative effects of ‘K to 12’; it should be pointed out that these negative effects listed above are an indirect result of the current educational format and not a direct consequence of the same. The fact remains that most of the school children are woefully undereducated by the time they start applying for colleges and this system seeks to redress the same. Granted the solution is not perfect and comes with its own flaws but with more effort, we should be able to provide our kids with quality education no matter where they are located.

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